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Dr. Lin Lanying (1918-2003)
Lin Lanying ( Han nationality), was a native of Putian, Fujian province; she died of illness at 85 on March 4, 2003 in Beijing. She graduated from Fujian Union University in1940, and received a doctorate degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1955. Lin was the first Chinese to receive a Ph.D. from Penn, and also one of the the first female Ph.D. graduates in Penn history.

She returned to China in 1957 as a researcher at the Institute of theChinese Academy of Sciences. In 1980, Dr. Lin was elected deputy director of the China Association for Science and Technology. She was also the vice chairman of the National People's Congress (IV – VI).

Lin served as a researcher at the
Semiconductor Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. One of the pioneers of semiconductor science in China, she was devoted to the research of semiconductor material science throughout her career.

She was responsible for successfully developing the first monocrystals in the country, such as silicon, indium antimonide, gallium arsenide and gallium phosphide and laying the foundation for the development of micro-electronics and optoelectronics in China. She succeeded in having a single crystal of gallium arsenide manufactured in one of China’s space satellites in 1987, thus acquiring the world’s first such material developed in space. She was also responsible for R&D of high purity gaseous phase and liquid phase epitaxy materials that reached the advanced level according to international standards.

In recent years, Lin also initiated a new field of micro-gravity semiconductor material science. She has won world-renowned achievements in the research of space growth and the property of gallium arsenide crystal.

Lin was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1980.
出国前夕林兰英(右三)与母亲(中)、文豪(右二)文杰(右一)等家人合影。
Lin Lanying before going abroad (3rd from right)
Dr. Lin in university (2nd right)
林兰英博士论文批准签字页
Doctorate Thesis Approved by U. Penn
1987年3月,西藏代表才旦卓玛(左)和江苏代表潘多(右)及林兰英代表(中)一起出席六届人大五次会议第二次大会。
Attending the National People’s Congress in 1987 (middle)
June 2009